All Resources for the Omni Processor

OP Market Sizing Model

Published date: October 2019

Brief description:

This omni processor (OP) market sizing model uses a bottom-up (city-level) approach to allow users to approximate the potential market opportunity – by number of units – for the OP in urban India from 2020 to 2030. The model considers two OP use-cases: deployment as a component of a fecal sludge treatment plant (FSTP) and co-location with a sewage treatment plant (STP) for the treatment of biosolids. Model users can modify key inputs and assumptions, such as the OP treatment capacity and policies influencing OP adoption rates, to project the potential market potential for up to two different OP units. Model outputs can help inform users’ go-to-market strategies and other initiatives related to OP technology in India.

Key topics:

  • Market opportunity model
  • Omni processor market size
  • Urban India
  • FSTP growth rates
  • Thermal FSTP adoption rates

Feedstock Adequacy for a 2-Engine J-OP in One Indian City: Findings from a Multifunctional Study in Tiruppur, India

STeP or Partner: STeP and Athena Infonomics
Country of focus: India
Published date: March 2019

Brief description:

Prior to designing and installing a fecal sludge treatment system (whether an Omni Processor [OP] or a fecal sludge treatment plant [FSTP]), it is important to gain an understanding of your fecal sludge management (FSM) reliant population, including the volumes of FS and mass of dry solids they generate. STeP, along with local partner Athena Infonomics, conducted a 3-part study between November 2017 and March 2018 to better understand the FSM reliant population residing within a 20 km radius of a potential OP site in Tiruppur, Tamil Nadu. The study aimed to (a) understand household characteristics and FSM behaviors; (b) quantify the volume of FS generated in the 20-km catchment area; and (c) evaluate the energetic properties and total solids content of the FS collected in Tiruppur. Based on measured FS accumulation, total solids and energetic value, there is close to sufficient feedstock to supply a 2-engine J-OP within a 20 km radius of the proposed site in Tiruppur, equating to a fecal sludge management (FSM) population of approximately 1 million people.

Key topics:

  • Fecal sludge accumulation and volume
  • Household characteristics and FSM behavior
  • Calorific value and total solids (TS) content of FS
  • Optimal size J-OP
  • Barriers to FS availability and recommendations to improve FS capture

India Water Market Analysis

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: India
Published date: January 2019

Brief description:

This report aims to help partners and system developers identify industries representing target markets for the sale of Ankur Omni Processor (A-OP) water in India. These sales have the potential to offset some of the costs associated with building and operating a A-OP. Many industries that originally looked promising for A-OP water sales were screened out because of end-user acceptance issues, low volumes procured, low prices paid, and/or startup challenges. Two markets—battery manufacturing and coolant manufacturing—were identified as possible target markets segments. Water buyers in these markets did not voice acceptance concerns for J-OP water and sometimes buy at prices and volumes that may allow for recoup of some, but not all, of A-OP costs. However, to sell into these markets, an A-OP operator would likely have to identify locations with a high enough concentration of buyers, have to compete with established local water suppliers to win market share, and incur startup costs associated with selling into these markets.

Key topics:

  • Battery manufacturing market
  • Engine coolant manufacturing market
  • Price ranges and factors impacting price
  • Production costs for purified water
  • Potential business models for A-OP

Techno-Economic Analysis (TEA) of Model Fecal-Sludge Management and Sewer-Based Systems in India

STeP or Partner: Stantec
Country of focus: India
Published date: February 2019

Brief description:

The value proposition of a given technology is in part, driven by whether it can compete on cost with incumbent technologies. This analysis explores the levelized cost of treatment of fecal sludge management (FSM) and sewer-based systems currently in use in India to determine where OP technologies can best compete and what cost targets must likely be achieved to compete in those markets. For the analysis, a cost framework tool was created that generates capital, operating, and all-in cost curves on a per-population-equivalent basis for modelled incumbent systems.

Key topics:

  • Lifecycle costs
  • Cost competitiveness of sewer-based versus non-sewer based solutions
  • System capital and operating costs

Global Database of Fecal Sludge Accumulation Rate and Total Solids

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: February 2018

Brief description:

As partners build technologies, devise business models, and develop market launch strategies, location specific sludge accumulation rates should be consulted for accurate planning.  This resource catalogues key fecal sludge accumulation rates and total solids values in over 10 low- and middle-income countries in Africa and Asia. The fecal sludge accumulation rates for pit latrines versus septic tanks are reported as the theoretical values assumed for conducting market sizing and analysis. The BMGF 10-Country study (unpublished, internal document) is a primary source for these data values, along with a variety of other sources.

Key topics:

  • Fecal Sludge Accumulation Rate – weighted average
  • Fecal Sludge Accumulation Rate – pit latrines
  • Fecal Sludge Accumulation Rate – septic tanks
  • Total Solids Value – pit latrines
  • Total Solids Value – septic tanks

Transformative Sanitation Technology Directory

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: October 2018

Brief description:

STeP updated the Transformative Sanitation Technology Directory in October 2018. This new, web-based database of technologies in the WSH TTC portfolios is organized by systems and components, displaying the key product and performance data, such as the data shared at the Reinvented Toilet Expo in Beijing in November 2018. Use this tool to explore and understand the portfolio of WSH technology investments to find technologies of interest.

Key topics:

  • Identify potential technologies for licensing or partnership
  • Evaluate individual sub-systems for integrating with your own technology to meet RT or other standards / needs
  • Evaluate complementary technologies such as MHM or interfaces
  • Identify technologies that may meet the needs in your city, building, or other use case

Sanitation Technology Funder Landscape

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Bangladesh, India, South Africa, Global
Published date: October 2018

Brief description:

Resources to validate new sanitation technologies and prepare for market entry – prerequisites for achieving sustainable, scaled solutions – tend to be quite scarce compared to those available to scale proven solutions. As such, a problematic ‘Pioneer Gap’ exists. This funder landscape seeks to both clarify the ‘Pioneer Gap’ and point readers to potential funding and other resources poised to help fill this problematic gap. Two promising forms of funding are explored in detail: catalytic philanthropy and blended finance leveraging impact investment. A corresponding database highlights potential ‘Pioneer Gap’ funders operating at a global level and in three key geographies – Bangladesh, India, and South Africa.

Of note: the information featured in the accompanying database was derived largely from secondary research. It should be treated as a starting point for further inquiry and be refined based on an organization’s particular goals, needs, and opportunities. For questions about the information provided, please contact Amanda Rose, STeP Market Readiness Lead, at arose@rti.org.

Key topics:

  • Pioneer Gap
  • Funding opportunities
  • Enterprise philanthropy
  • Blended finance
  • Funder database

Funder Database

This database serves as a complementary resource to the Sanitation Technology Funder Landscape report developed by STeP in September 2018. The report and supporting database highlight potential resources to validate new sanitation technologies and prepare for market entry. Specific emphasis was put on funders that may support technical pilot testing, market field trials, business model experimentation, and other “validate” and “prepare” activities.

India: Market Insights for the Omni Processor

STeP or Partner: Dalberg Advisors
Country of focus: India
Published date: July 2018

Brief description:

India – Market Insights for the Omni Processor provides an in-depth look at the Omni Processor (OP) market opportunity in India. The study provides a detailed overview of the unique sanitation landscape of India, defines OP market segments and potential value propositions for key segments, and presents technical requirements an OP would need to meet to achieve the value proposition in each. The study also presents go-to-market recommendations inclusive of technical, commercial, and ecosystem considerations.

Key topics:

  • Sanitation market landscape
  • Market segments
  • Value proposition
  • Go-to-market recommendations

India: Market Insights for the Omni Processor – Landscape Report

STeP or Partner: Dalberg Advisors
Country of focus: India
Published date: April 2018

Brief description:

A companion to the India – Market Insights for the Omni Processor Report, this Landscape Report provides an overview of the FSM landscape in India, with a focus on current sanitation coverage levels across the value chain, the financing landscape, technology procurement process, and common business models for FSM in India. Insights into the key drivers of gaps across the FSM value chain are provided, along with innovative approaches to bridge those gaps.

Key topics:

  • Sanitation coverage
  • Finance landscape
  • Technology procurement
  • Business models

Diagram of Potential Use Cases

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: March 2018

Brief description:

Where a J-OP is located will depend on the type and location of its inputs. Co-location with a sewage treatment plant has numerous benefits like access to biosolids and existing infrastructure for dewatering and treating filtrate from the dewatering step. Permitting may also be made easier through co-location. The J-OP can also be constructed in a greenfield site as part of a fecal sludge treatment plant that includes effluent treatment or can act as a centralized processing center for high cake solids dewatered offsite. A range of auxiliary fuel sources (such as municipal solid waste or dry biomass), can be incorporated to increase uptime and energy output.

Key topics:

  • 4 key use cases for the J-OP

Valuing Byproducts

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: March 2018

Brief description:

The value of byproducts produced by a sanitation technology can have a material impact on the technology’s economics. However, placing a value on a byproduct can be tricky. In the course of several projects, STeP and our partners have gained some experience that could be useful to others just starting out in this area. This brief note shares the experience STeP and partners have gained from evaluating system economics.

Key topics:

  • Recommended process for analyzing byproducts

Senegal Water Markets Assessment

STeP or Partner: STeP; AfriDev; Dr. Apoorv Agarwal, Principal, Ingineering Innovation LLC; Jerry Hudson, Principal, Prosperity Innovations LLC
Country of focus: Senegal
Published date: April 2018

Brief description:

In 2016, AfriDev conducted a preliminary evaluation of three potential markets for water in Senegal. Evaluated markets include: drinking water, coolant and distilled water. This market assessment explores market size, current pricing as well as market trends.

Key topics:

  • Market Size
  • Current Pricing
  • Leading Brands and Providers
  • Buyers
  • Market Trends
  • Buyer Preferences
  • Marketing Recommendations from AfriDev

J-OP Global Economic Model

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: Coming Soon

Brief description:

Understanding the economics of a J-OP in a particular setting is critical – especially to determine whether a J-OP offers the most affordable method for a city to achieve its sanitation objectives. The Excel model provides a useful starting point for anyone seeking to evaluate the economics of a J-OP project. Of course, it is important to take into account the local context – for example, the value of and potential market for byproducts, as well as the cost of key inputs.

Key topics:

  • Net Present Value
  • Levelized cost of treatment

Diagram of Potential Value Propositions for the J-OP

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: March 2018

Brief description:

This diagram identifies general value propositions associated with the J-OP including benefits to public health and the environment.

Key topics:

  • J-OP Value Proposition

J-OP Global Market Roadmap

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: September 2017

Brief description:

As commercial partners plan for global market entry, they will likely be guided by factors such as a country’s political economy, market size, and cost competitiveness with other solutions. The J-OP Global Market Roadmap explores country market sequencing, while the complementary in-country roadmaps for India, Kenya and the Philippines provide tactical guidance for entering those high priority markets.

Key topics:

  • J-OP use case
  • Global market size
  • Competitiveness
  • Global market entry

J-OP Market Landscape- India

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: India
Published date: September 2017

Brief description:

Take a deep dive into the market for the J-OP in India including opportunities and potential barriers to market entry. This analysis evaluates factors influencing both market and technical fit, and proposes a potential market entry strategy, including identification of potential partners and early target cities.

Key topics:

  • Target use cases
  • City/State-level sequencing
  • Products to deploy
  • Partners
  • Policy and regulatory framework

J-OP Market Landscape- Philippines

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Philippines
Published date: September 2017

Brief description:

Take a deep dive into the market for the J-OP in the Philippines including opportunities and potential barriers to market entry. This analysis evaluates factors influencing both market and technical fit, and proposes a potential market entry strategy, including identification of potential partners and early target cities.

Key topics:

  • Target use cases
  • City/State-level sequencing
  • Products to deploy
  • Partners
  • Policy and regulatory framework

J-OP Market Landscape- Kenya

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Kenya
Published date: September 2017

Brief description:

Take a deep dive into the market for the J-OP in Kenya including opportunities and potential barriers to market entry. This analysis evaluates factors influencing both market and technical fit, and proposes a potential market entry strategy, including identification of potential partners and early target cities.

Key topics:

  • Target use cases
  • City/State-level sequencing
  • Products to deploy
  • Partners
  • Policy and regulatory framework

A J-OP Case Study: Dakar, Senegal

STeP or Partner: STeP; Delvic; Dr. Apoorv Agarwal, Principal, Ingineering Innovation LLC; Jerry Hudson, Principal, Prosperity Innovations LLC
Country of focus: Senegal
Published date: January 2019

Brief description:

To de-risk the technology and enable widespread commercial deployment, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation supported the deployment of a pilot J-OP in Dakar, Senegal in 2015. The project was undertaken through local partners ONAS and Delvic. The city is now preparing to receive the first commercial system in early 2019. Learn about why Dakar was chosen, explore the business case for the commercial unit and understand the roles and responsibilities of key project partners.

Key topics:

  • Senegal’s sanitation landscape
  • J-OP Project Design: from pilot to commercial unit
  • J-OP financial sustainability

How to attract investment for a J-OP- conducting an investor’s meeting

STeP or Partner: STeP; Dr. Apoorv Agarwal, Principal, Ingineering Innovation LLC; Jerry Hudson, Principal, Prosperity Innovations LLC
Country of focus: Global
Published date: April 2018

Brief description:

Attracting investment will require capable and committed local partners as well as a compelling business case. Certain investors may also be highly motivated by positive impact for public health and for the environment. To stimulate investment in the commercial unit headed for Dakar, ONAS, along with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation convened an investors meeting in 2016. Explore when, why and how to conduct an investors’ meeting including: who to invite, what types of information you should be prepared to share and what outcomes to expect.

Key topics:

  • Meeting management, structure and logistics
  • Target Objectives
  • Key Stakeholders, Roles and Responsibilities
  • Information sharing- what to share and how to share it
  • Actual Outcomes
  • Lessons Learned

Sludge Thickening, Dewatering and Drying Technologies

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: January 2018

Brief description:

Sludge pre-processing is a critical first step for many OP technologies, with different technologies having varying input requirements. This landscape explores established and emerging thickening, dewatering and drying technologies and includes data on system characteristics such as: current suppliers, cake solids produced, capacity and polymer usage.

Key topics:

  • Sludge thickening
  • Passive sludge dewatering
  • Mechanical sludge dewatering
  • Thermal sludge drying

Cost and Revenue Driver Data to Inform Sanitation System Economics

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: 2017

Brief description:

As partners build technologies, devise business models, and develop market launch strategies, they may seek additional economic data to support financial analysis and strategic decision making. This resource catalogues key cost and revenue drivers in 28 low and middle-income countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. This dataset is for users analyzing sanitation system economics, undertaking system design and business planning activities.

Key topics:

  • grid electricity tariffs (industrial users)
  • estimated diesel genset electricity price
  • estimated average cost of electricity, taking into account reliance on diesel generators
  • diesel pump prices
  • municipal water tariffs
  • corporate tax rates
  • commercial debt interest rates
  • estimated value of heat
  • fecal sludge tipping fees*

* Tipping fee data is extremely limited because few countries have fecal sludge tipping fees in place.