All Resources for Field Testing and Supporting Activities

Gender and the Sanitation Value Chain: A Review of the Evidence

STeP or Partner: Partner
Country of focus: Global
Published date: December 2018

Brief description:

Gender matters in sanitation. Emerging evidence shows that gender differences and dynamics along the sanitation value chain can influence people’s access to sanitation as well as their health, development, and empowerment, especially for the most vulnerable. Beyond biological differences between men and women, cultural practices, beliefs, and gendered social norms lead to disparities in men’s and women’s access to sanitation facilities, influence roles and responsibilities in the household, and affect decision-making power. Building on existing momentum and meaningfully applying a gender lens across the sanitation value chain can considerably improve sanitation outcomes. This report provides a review of the current evidence available on gender in sanitation and concludes with key learnings to help advance research and understanding.

Key topics:

  • Poor sanitation and outcome disparities
  • Gender differences along the sanitation value chain
  • Gender and it’s role in sanitation policy
  • Emerging approaches to gender integration in development
  • Conclusions and key learnings

Case Studies in Gender Integration

STeP or Partner: Partner
Country of focus: Global
Published date: February 2018

Brief description:

Lack of awareness about gender differences and inequalities can create barriers to effective sanitation programming. Integrating a gender lens, on the other hand, can reveal important differences and inequalities. These case studies in gender and sanitation are intended to offer readers an opportunity to unpack and understand the role of gender differences in driving sanitation outcomes, how programs identify and seek to address these differences, and whether the program also promotes gender equality and women’s empowerment. Each of the three sanitation sector case studies focuses on different parts of the value chain to illustrate the many ways that gender impacts sanitation outcomes for men and women.

Key topics:

  • Gender differences along the sanitation value chain
  • Real world applications
  • Policy and programming

Case Studies:

Applying a user-centered design approach to the Reinvented Toilet development process

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: October 2016

Brief description:

One approach that STeP believes will increase the success rate of sanitation technology deployment is implementing user-centered design (UCD) throughout the technology development and commercialization process.

Key topics:

  • User-centered design approach
  • Stakeholder perspective surveys
  • User experience research
  • Value drivers and customer segmentation

Ethics and Safety Guide

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: April 2016

Brief description:

The Ethics and Safety Guide contains guidance and best practices for conducting safe and ethical field testing of innovative sanitation technologies, including topics such as gaining informed consent, working with Institutional Review Boards, and ensuring workforce safety.

Key topics:

  • Institutional Review Board (IRB)
  • Informed Consent
  • Regulations and Permissions
  • Standards
  • Field Testing Safety

Capturing Stakeholder Perspectives: Survey Instruments

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: March 2016

Brief description:

STeP developed a suite of survey instruments designed to systematically capture the perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors of key stakeholders – users, maintenance staff, facility managers, etc. – throughout the field-testing process. Partners may find it a useful starting point as they plan user studies during field testing.

Key topics:

  • Incorporating qualitative and quantitative methods
  • Data management
  • Adapting survey instruments to specific contexts
  • Matching methods with data needs

STeP Global Testing Protocols and Parameters

STeP or Partner: STeP
Country of focus: Global
Published date: January 2016

Brief description:

One of the primary goals of STeP is to support field testing of advanced sanitation technologies. To support testing of technologies by STeP, as well as by the broader sanitation community, we have created a global testing and protocols guide. The guide, developed in collaboration with partners, offers standards, test measures, and recommendations for assessing a full spectrum of operational and performance measures.

Key topics:

  • Standardized field test measurements to assess safety and performance
  • Measures for liquid, solids, emissions, sound, energy and operations
  • Testing parameters regulated by local or international standards
  • Parameters that impact user adoption
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